Hawaii Island Council to Review New Short-Term Rental Rules

Revamping Short-Term Vacation Rentals on Hawaii Island

On Tuesday, July 9, 2024, significant changes are being proposed to the regulation of short-term vacation rentals on Hawaii Island. These changes are crucial due to their potential impact on local communities, the tourism industry, and the island’s overall economy. The County Council is once again reviewing a trio of contentious measures, which are poised to reshape where and how these rentals can operate.

The introduction of these regulations has sparked a robust debate among stakeholders, including property owners, residents, and local government officials. On one hand, proponents argue that stricter regulations are necessary to manage the influx of tourists and preserve the island’s cultural heritage. On the other hand, opponents believe that these measures could stifle economic growth and limit property owners’ rights.

Proposed Measures and Their Implications

The three proposed measures aim to address various aspects of short-term vacation rentals. Each measure has its own set of guidelines and restrictions, which are designed to tackle specific issues related to the operation of these rentals.

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Measure 1: Zoning Restrictions


The first measure focuses on zoning restrictions. It seeks to limit the areas where short-term vacation rentals can be established. This measure is intended to prevent the proliferation of rentals in residential neighborhoods, which has been a point of contention among local residents.

Key Points

  • Designated Zones: Short-term rentals would be restricted to certain commercial and resort zones.
  • Residential Impact: Residential neighborhoods would see a significant reduction in the number of allowed short-term rentals.
  • Enforcement: Strict penalties for violations, including fines and potential revocation of rental permits.


This measure aims to balance the needs of the tourism industry with those of local residents. By confining rentals to specific zones, the measure seeks to reduce noise, traffic, and other disturbances in residential areas, thus improving the quality of life for permanent residents.

Measure 2: Licensing and Permits


The second measure introduces new licensing and permit requirements for short-term vacation rentals. This measure is designed to ensure that all rentals are operating legally and meet certain standards of safety and quality.

Key Points

  • Licensing Requirements: All short-term rentals must obtain a license from the county.
  • Safety Standards: Rentals must comply with safety and building codes.
  • Annual Inspections: Properties will undergo annual inspections to ensure compliance.


The licensing and permit requirements aim to professionalize the short-term rental market. By ensuring that all properties meet safety and quality standards, the measure seeks to protect both guests and the community. This could also level the playing field for traditional accommodation providers, such as hotels and resorts.

Measure 3: Taxation and Revenue


The third measure addresses taxation and revenue collection from short-term vacation rentals. This measure aims to ensure that the county benefits financially from the booming rental market.

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Key Points

  • Tax Collection: Implementation of a new tax on short-term rentals.
  • Revenue Allocation: Funds collected from the tax will be used for community projects and infrastructure improvements.
  • Transparency: Rental platforms will be required to report earnings to the county.


By introducing a tax on short-term rentals, this measure seeks to generate additional revenue for the county. The funds collected can be reinvested into the community, supporting projects such as road repairs, public parks, and affordable housing initiatives. This measure also promotes transparency and accountability within the rental market.

Community Reactions and Stakeholder Opinions

The proposed measures have elicited a range of reactions from different stakeholders. While some see these changes as a necessary step towards sustainable tourism, others view them as overly restrictive.


Local Residents

Many local residents support the measures, particularly the zoning restrictions. They believe that limiting short-term rentals in residential areas will help maintain the character and tranquility of their neighborhoods. Additionally, they appreciate the potential for increased funding for community projects through the new tax.

Environmental Groups

Environmental groups also back the measures, arguing that they will help protect the island’s natural resources. By concentrating rentals in designated zones, there is less risk of environmental degradation in sensitive areas.


Property Owners

Property owners who rely on income from short-term rentals are generally opposed to the measures. They argue that the restrictions could significantly reduce their earnings and limit their ability to use their properties as they see fit.

Tourism Industry

Some members of the tourism industry are concerned that the new regulations could deter visitors and negatively impact the island’s economy. They argue that short-term rentals provide a unique and affordable accommodation option for tourists, which is essential for maintaining a vibrant tourism sector.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are short-term vacation rentals?

Short-term vacation rentals are properties that are rented out for a short period, typically less than 30 days. These rentals are often found on platforms like Airbnb and Vrbo.

Why are new regulations being proposed for short-term vacation rentals on Hawaii Island?

The new regulations aim to address concerns related to the impact of short-term rentals on local communities, including noise, traffic, and the availability of affordable housing. The measures also seek to ensure that rentals operate safely and contribute to the county’s revenue.

How will the new zoning restrictions affect property owners?

The zoning restrictions will limit where short-term rentals can operate, confining them to designated commercial and resort zones. Property owners in residential areas may no longer be able to rent their properties on a short-term basis.

What are the new licensing and permit requirements?

All short-term rental properties will need to obtain a license from the county and comply with safety and building codes. Properties will also undergo annual inspections to ensure compliance.

How will the new tax on short-term rentals be implemented?

A new tax will be imposed on short-term rentals, with funds collected being used for community projects and infrastructure improvements. Rental platforms will be required to report earnings to the county to ensure transparency and accountability.


The proposed measures to regulate short-term vacation rentals on Hawaii Island represent a significant shift in how these rentals will be managed. By implementing zoning restrictions, licensing and permit requirements, and a new tax, the county aims to balance the needs of the tourism industry with those of local residents and the environment. While the measures have sparked debate among stakeholders, they ultimately seek to promote sustainable tourism and enhance the quality of life for the island’s residents. As the County Council continues to review these proposals, the outcome will undoubtedly shape the future of short-term vacation rentals on Hawaii Island.

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